V E C T O R S  of  C H A N G E

Spring 2020 Distance Learning Project Module 1

How did our world change and what did we learn about ourselves, community, 

country and world since COVID 19 became a pandemic? 

What changes do we need to make and or should make moving forward and why?


a) Noun: An organism that transmits a pathogen 

b) Verb 1: To guide something or someone in flight

c) Verb 2: To change the direction for steering 


Vectors spread disease; but they also change direction. We have seen how COVID-19 has upended the world and has laid bare social problems on local, national, and global scales. Social problems like racial and class inequality, poverty, and diseases have existed long before the pandemic, but the pandemic has magnified their effects and drawn renewed attention to them.  It’s time to change direction. How can we become vectors for change?



Students identified a topic that they will research for the next four weeks. Each week, students develop a different question and choose a menu deliverable that addresses their topic.  Student questions or topic did not have to be related to COVID-19 but should be issues that we have learned more about since the onset of the pandemic.  Menu items include but at not limited to visual representations of scientific data, argument essays, stakeholder interviews, infographics, simulations and scientific models. 


Peter Jana & David Hamilton, Humanities

Kalle Applegate Palmer, Biology







Develop and use a model to illustrate the hierarchical organization of interacting systems that provide specific functions within multicellular organisms. HS-LS1-2 

Evaluate the evidence for the role of group behavior on individual and species’ chances to survive and reproduce. HS-LS2-8


ETS1.B:  Developing Possible Solutions: When evaluating solutions it is important to take into account a range of constraints including cost, safety, reliability and aesthetics and to consider social, cultural and environmental impacts. (secondary to HS-LS2-7), (secondary to HS-LS4-6)


Stability and Change: Feedback (negative or positive) can stabilize or destabilize a system. (HS-LS1-3)

Cause and Effect: Empirical evidence is required to differentiate between cause and correlation and make claims about specific causes and effects. (HS-LS2-8), (HS-LS4-6)


Scale, Proportion, and Quantity: The significance of a phenomenon is dependent on the scale, proportion, and quantity at which it occurs. (HS-LS2-1)

Using the concept of orders of magnitude allows one to understand how a model at one scale relates to a model at another scale. (HS-LS2-2)

Stability and Change: Much of science deals with constructing explanations of how things change and how they remain stable. (HS-LS2-6), (HS-LS2-7)

P R O J E C T   S U M M A R Y

D E L I V E R A B L E S 

N G S S (Next Gen Science Standards)

S T U D E N T  W O R K

Herd Immunity Simulation

Interactive simulation enabling users to visualize immune response in communities with different vaccination rates.

Link Here

Audio Crash Course: Pharmaceutical Expense

Exploring role of manufacturers, pharmacy benefit managers and insurers. Link Here.  


Health Care & the Cost of Pharmaceuticals HERE

Epidemics throughout

History HERE

Point Loma, San Diego, CA, USA